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The Ultimate Guide to Fertility Treatment Costs

May 13th, 2021 | 5 min. read

By Mark Leondires, MD

For the 1 out of 8 couples struggling with family building, the costs associated with fertility treatments can be staggering. However, if you live in one of the nineteen states that mandate fertility coverage, the costs can become much more manageable.

Even if you live in a state that doesn’t provide extended coverage, many insurance policies will cover some testing or medications if you have met your annual deductible. If you’re paying out-of-pocket, it’s important to understand the investment you might have to make in order to complete your treatment and the many grants, scholarships, and loans that are available to you.

When pursuing fertility assistance, it is very difficult to pinpoint a precise cost for your particular treatment until you and your partner, if applicable, have both undergone a complete assessment. This includes confirmation of ovulation, a sperm analysis, and an examination of reproductive organs. At that point, your fertility specialist, or Reproductive Endocrinologist (REI), can determine a treatment path according to your diagnosis, narrowing the scope of your estimated costs. 

Let's break down some of the most common infertility treatments, and talk about the average associated costs of each.

Ovulation Induction and Superovulation

What is ovulation induction?

The goals of ovulation induction and superovulation are to manipulate your ovulation timing, and sometimes, to increase the number of eggs viable for fertilization during ovulation. For both processes, ovulation occurs at the same time that sperm is introduced, increasing the likelihood that fertilization will occur.

Ovulation induction or superovulation is typically advised for a person who is regularly ovulating and trying to conceive, but is not successful in getting pregnant. Ovulation induction is also utilized when a person is not regularly ovulating, sometimes due to a hormonal imbalance caused by a disorder like Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS).

How much does ovulation induction cost?

The cost of medications for superovulation and/or ovulation induction ranges drastically from $30-$130 for oral medication (which can be administered by an OB-GYN or REI) and $3000-$5500 for injectable medication (administered only by REIs in most parts of the country). 

Want to learn more about fertility testing?

Fertility Testing FAQs

Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)

What is IUI?

Intrauterine insemination is indicated for couples experiencing male factor issues, sperm delivery issues, or ovulation timing issues. By facilitating better sperm delivery to the fallopian tube, it helps the sperm and egg interact in closer proximity. Think of IUI as a triple threat approach: better sperm delivery, perfect targets for the sperm, and ideal timing.

How much does IUI cost?

The estimated procedure costs for one IUI cycle are $800-$1500, not including medications. Medication costs can range from $30-$130 for oral medication and $3000-$5500 for injectable medication. If you do not have fertility insurance coverage, the total out-of-pocket cost can be between $830 - $7,000.

In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

What is IVF?

In vitro fertilization, or IVF, has the highest success rate of any fertility treatment but is the most costly because of the use of laboratory techniques and procedures to assist in fertilizing eggs in the lab and transferring an embryo into the uterus. If you reside in a state that mandates fertility health coverage or if you are provided any benefits through your healthcare provider or employer, your costs could be substantially lower than the out-of-pocket costs listed below.

How much does IVF cost?

The average cost of an IVF cycle can be around $15,000, but that does not include the price of medications, which can typically run between $3,000 - $8,000.

There are other expenditures within an IVF cycle that may arise due to your particular diagnosis. For instance, genetic testing is often used to reduce the likelihood of a miscarriage or a chromosomal abnormality.

There is also a practice called intracytoplasmic sperm injection, or ICSI, where a single sperm is manually inserted into an egg to increase the likelihood of fertilization.

Here is a breakdown of some of the most common fees associated with IVF:

  • Consultation = $200 - $750
  • Bloodwork & ultrasound (monitoring) = $2,000 - $3,500
  • Egg retrieval = $2,000 - $3,000
  • Anesthesia = $350 to $750
  • Laboratory fees = $2,000 - $6,000
  • ICSI = $2,100 - $2,400
  • Preimplantation Genetic Testing = $1,500 - $5,000
  • Frozen Embryo Transfer (FET) = $1,500 - $6,000
  • Medications = $3,000 - $8,000

Treatment Assistance

Oftentimes, fertility treatments need an enhancement on their basic protocol, depending on varying diagnoses. This can increase the cost of treatment.

  • Donor sperm = $500 - $1500 per attempt
  • Egg donor = $10,000 - $30,000
  • Surrogate use and compensation = $40,000 to $80,000
  • Surrogacy agency & legal fees = $20,000 to $50,000 and $3,000 to $16,000, respectively
  • Embryo/Egg Storage = $600 - $1,000/year

Affording Fertility Treatment

If your health insurance doesn’t cover fertility insurance, or at least not all of it, these prices can be difficult to pay out-of-pocket. In addition to using cash or credit cards to pay, you have other options available to you.

Explore your financial assistance options:

How to Pay for IVF Without Insurance

Please know that there are fertility advocates fighting hard to make treatment more accessible and covered through insurance.

From innovative devices to cutting-edge technology, there is more hope for those facing fertility challenges than ever before, and this treatment price list (along with your insurance and physical evaluation) should help you understand your fertility investment.

We are here to support you as you explore your treatment paths and the costs they involve, provide you with resources and ideas, and help you navigate your entire fertility journey! Want to talk with us? Request a consultation and our team will reach out to discuss your options. 

Mark Leondires, MD

Dr. Mark P. Leondires is Medical Director and Partner in reproductive endocrinology at Illume Fertility and is board-certified in both Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility.